Thursday, July 13, 2017

Dolomites - Wikipedia

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    Dolomites - Wikipedia
    Tourism. The Dolomites are renowned for skiing in the winter months and mountain climbing, hiking, cycling, and BASE jumping, as well as paragliding and hang gliding ...
  2. Explore the Dolomites! Get inspired with Rick Steves’ recommended places to go and things to do, with tips, photos, videos, and travel information on the Dolomites.
  3. The Dolomites | Italy
    The Dolomites are one of Italy's most famous tourist attractions, drawing people from all corners with its natural beauty and fantastic ski slopes.
  4. Dolomites

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Italian: Dolomiti
    German: Dolomiten
    Dolomites cablecar view 2009.JPG
    View from Pordoi
    Highest point
    Peak Marmolada
    Elevation 3,343 m (10,968 ft)
    Coordinates 46°26′N 11°51′ECoordinates: 46°26′N 11°51′E
    Dolomites is located in Alps
    Location of the Dolomites in the Alps
    Country Italy
    Province Belluno, South Tyrol and Trentino
    Parent range Alps
    Orogeny Alpine orogeny
    Age of rock Mostly Triassic
    Type of rock Sedimentary rocks,
    including dolomite, and volcanics
    The Dolomites
    Drei Zinnen-Tre Cime Di Lavaredo 1.JPG
    UNESCO World Heritage Site
    Location Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy Edit this at Wikidata
    Coordinates 46°36′47″N 12°09′47″E
    Criteria vii, viii[1]
    Reference 1237
    Inscription 2009 (33rd Session)
    Dolomites is located in Italy
    Location of Dolomites
    Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park
    IUCN category II (national park)
    View of the Dolomites
    Location Veneto
    Nearest city Belluno
    Area 315.12 km2 (121.67 sq mi)
    Established 1990
    Governing body Ministero dell'Ambiente
    The Dolomites (Italian: Dolomiti [doloˈmiːti]; Ladin: Dolomites; German: Dolomiten [doːloːˈmɪtn̩]; Venetian: Dołomiti [doɰoˈmiti]: Friulian: Dolomitis) are a mountain range located in northeastern Italy. They form a part of the Southern Limestone Alps and extend from the River Adige in the west to the Piave Valley (Pieve di Cadore) in the east. The northern and southern borders are defined by the Puster Valley and the Sugana Valley (Italian: Valsugana). The Dolomites are nearly equally shared between the provinces of Belluno, South Tyrol and Trentino.
    There are also mountain groups of similar geological structure that spread over the River Piave to the east – Dolomiti d'Oltrepiave; and far away over the Adige River to the west – Dolomiti di Brenta (Western Dolomites). There is also another smaller group called Piccole Dolomiti (Little Dolomites) located between the provinces of Trentino, Verona and Vicenza (see map).
    The Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park and many other regional parks are located in the Dolomites. In August 2009, the Dolomites were declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.



    The Dolomites, also known as the "Pale Mountains", take their name from the carbonate rock dolomite, itself named for 18th-century French mineralogist Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu (1750–1801), who was the first to describe the mineral.[2]


    During the First World War, the front line between the Italian and Austro-Hungarian forces ran through the Dolomites, where mines were used extensively. There are now open-air war museums at Cinque Torri (Five Towers) and Mount Lagazuoi. Many people visit the Dolomites to climb the vie ferrate, protected paths created during the war.
    A number of long-distance footpaths traverse the Dolomites. They are called alte vie (high paths), and are numbered from 1 to 8. The trails take on the order of a week to walk, and are served by numerous rifugi (huts). The first and perhaps most renowned is the Alta Via 1.
    Radiocarbon dating has been used in the Alta Badia region to demonstrate a connection between landslide activity and climate change.[3]


    The region is commonly divided into the Western and Eastern Dolomites, separated by a line following the Val Badia – Campolongo Pass – Cordevole Valley (Agordino) axis.

    Current classification

    The Dolomites may be divided into the following ranges:


    The Dolomites are renowned for skiing in the winter months and mountain climbing, hiking, cycling, and BASE jumping, as well as paragliding and hang gliding in summer and late spring/early autumn.[citation needed] Free climbing has been a tradition in the Dolomites since 1887, when 17-year-old Georg Winkler soloed the first ascent of the pinnacle Die Vajolettürme.[4] The main centres include: Rocca Pietore alongside the Marmolada Glacier, which lies on the border of Trentino and Veneto, the small towns of Alleghe, Falcade, Auronzo, Cortina d'Ampezzo and the villages of Arabba, Urtijëi and San Martino di Castrozza, as well as the whole of the Fassa, Gardena and Badia valleys.
    The Maratona dles Dolomites, an annual single-day road bicycle racing race covering seven mountain passes of the Dolomites, occurs in the first week of July.
    Other characteristic places are:

    Major peaks

    Tofana Group
    Winter view of the Sella Group
    Name metres feet Name metres feet
    Marmolada 3,343 10,968 Pala di San Martino 2,982 9,831
    Antelao 3,264 10,706 Rosengartenspitze / Catinaccio 2,981 9,781
    Tofana di Mezzo 3,241 10,633 Cima di Fradusta 2,941 9,715
    Sorapiss 3,229 10,594 Cimon del Froppa 2,932 9,649
    Cristallo 3,221 10,568 Monte Agnèr 2,872 9,416
    Monte Civetta 3,220 10,564 Fermedaturm 2,867 9,407
    Cima di Vezzana 3,192 10,470 Cima d'Asta 2,848 9,344
    Cimon della Pala 3,184 10,453 Cima di Canali 2,846 9,338
    Langkofel / Sassolungo 3,181 10,427 Croda Grande 2,839 9,315
    Monte Pelmo 3,168 10,397 Vajoletturm / Torri del Vajolet (highest) 2,821 9,256
    Dreischusterspitze 3,162 10,375 Sass Maor 2,816 9,239
    Boespitze / Piz Boè (Sella group) 3,152 10,342 Cima di Ball 2,783 9,131
    Hohe Gaisl (Croda Rossa d'Ampezzo) 3,148 10,329 Cima della Madonna (Sass Maor) 2,751 9,026
    Vernel 3,145 10,319 Rosetta 2,741 8,993
    Piz Popena 3,143 10,312 Croda da Lago 2,716 8,911
    Grohmannspitze (Langkofel) 3,126 10,256 Central Grasleitenspitze 2,705 8,875
    Zwölferkofel 3,094 10,151 Schlern 2,562 8,406
    Elferkofel 3,092 10,144 Sasso di Mur 2,554 8,380
    Sass Rigais (Geislerspitzen) 3,025 9,925 Cima delle Dodici 2,338 7,671
    Kesselkogel (Rosengarten) 3,004 9,856 Monte Pavione 2,336 7,664
    Tre Cime di Lavaredo (Drei Zinnen) 2,999 9,839 Cima Palon 2,239 7,346
    Fünffingerspitze 2,997 9,833 Cima di Posta 2,235 7,333

    Major passes

    Name metres feet
    Ombretta Pass (Campitello to Caprile), foot path 2,738 8,983
    Langkofeljoch (Gröden Valley to Campitello), foot path 2,683 8,803
    Tschagerjoch (Karersee to the Vajolet Glen), foot path 2,644 8,675
    Grasleiten Pass (Vajolet Glen to the Grasleiten Glen), foot path 2,597 8,521
    Pravitale Pass (Rosetta Plateau to the Pravitale Glen), foot path 2,580 8,465
    Comelle Pass (same to Cencenighe), foot path 2,579 8,462
    Rosetta Pass (San Martino di Castrozza to the great limestone Rosetta plateau), foot path 2,573 8,442
    Vajolet Pass (Tiers to the Vajolet Glen), foot path 2,549 8,363
    Canali Pass (Primiero to Agordo), foot path 2,497 8,193
    Tierseralpljoch (Campitello to Tiers), foot path 2,455 8,055
    Ball Pass (San Martino di Castrozza to the Pravitale Glen), foot path 2,450 8,038
    Forcella di Giralba (Sexten to Auronzo), foot path 2,436 7,992
    Col dei Bos (Falzarego Glen to the Travernanzes Glen), foot path 2,313 7,589
    Forcella Grande (San Vito to Auronzo), foot path 2,262 7,422
    Pordoi Pass (Arabba to Val di Fassa), road 2,250 7,382
    Sella Pass (Gröden Valley to Val di Fassa), road 2,244 7,362
    Giau Pass (Cortina to Val Fiorentina), road 2,236 7,336
    Tre Sassi Pass (Cortina to St Cassian), foot path 2,199 7,215
    Valparola Pass (Cortina to St Cassian), road 2,168 7,113
    Mahlknechtjoch (Upper Duron Glen to the Seiser Alp), foot path 2,168 7,113
    Gardena Pass (Gröden Valley to Colfuschg), road 2,121 6,959
    Falzarego Pass (Caprile to Cortina), road 2,117 6,946
    Fedaja Pass (Val di Fassa to Caprile), bridle path 2,046 6,713
    Valles Pass (Paneveggio to Falcade), road 2,032 6,667
    Würzjoch (Eisacktal to Val Badia), road 2,003 6,572
    Rolle Pass (Predazzo to San Martino di Castrozza and Primiero), road 1,984 6,509
    Forcella Forada (Caprile to San Vito), bridle path 1,975 6,480
    San Pellegrino Pass (Moena to Cencenighe), road 1,910 6,267
    Campolongo Pass (Corvara to Arabba), road 1,875 6,152
    Forcella d'Alleghe (Alleghe to the Zoldo Glen), foot path 1,820 5,971
    Tre Croci Pass (Cortina to Auronzo), road 1,808 5,932
    Furkel Pass (Mareo to Olang), road 1,759 5,771
    Karerpass or Costalunga Pass (Welschnofen to Vigo di Fassa), road 1,753 5,751
    Kreuzbergpass or Monte Croce Pass (Innichen and Sexten to the Piave Valley and Belluno), road 1,638 5,374
    Ampezzo Pass (Toblach to Cortina and Belluno), path 1,544 5,066
    Cereda Pass (Primiero to Agordo), road 1,372 4,501
    Toblach Pass (Bruneck to Lienz), railway 1,209 3,967

    Major parks

    Panoramic view

    360° panoramic view from Marmolada, highest peak in the Dolomites

    See also



    1. Huber, Alex. "The Perfect Perfume". Rock and Ice Magazine. Archived from the original on 2008-02-15.


    External links

    Navigation menu

  • Saussure le fils, M. de (1792): Analyse de la dolomie. Journal de Physique, vol. 40, pp. 161–173.

  • Borgatti, Lisa; Soldati, Mauro (2010-08-01). "Landslides as a geomorphological proxy for climate change: A record from the Dolomites (northern Italy)". Geomorphology. Landslide geomorphology in a changing environment. 120 (1–2): 56–64. doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2009.09.015.

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