Let me address the first problem ignorance. This is so big I'm not even sure I need to talk about it much but I will because it could be a make or break one for the human race.
Because ignorance alone could lead to the end of earth anytime within the next few centuries. I think if we can get beyond about 500 to 1000 years likely nuking the planet out of existence won't be a problem anymore because humans will be just so different from now that we likely wouldn't recognize ourselves being the way we are today.
I grew up in the 1950s and mostly even now for people the way people thought in the 1950s is pretty alien already for a variety of reasons.
However, maybe an illustration of what I will call "Ignorance" in the 1950s and 1960s I would like to address.
I was raised as a Fundamentalist Mystical Christian. My parents were both conservative Republicans that believe in voting very to the right. I now, am an independent voter because I see all the positive things of thinking like a Libertarian but I also see the advantages of thinking like a Liberal as well. So, my stances span the gamut between philosophies of the right to the left to everything in between.
My most left position would be: "Everyone on earth should be guaranteed food, clothing and shelter. However, to make this practical everyone would have to be using birth control to make this work so we basically stayed at zero population growth worldwide from whenever that occurred.
My most right position would be: "Everyone should have a firearm, know how to use it well, even children down to 8 or 9 years old should be able to defend their families if the need should arise."
So, this is how one becomes an Independent having really diverse points of view all integrated from their life of really diverse experiences in my case from having traveled all over the world.
The story I would like to tell is what happened to me during the 1950s and 1960s. People in my church would say to me, "Don't go to college or you won't be a member of our church anymore. You would become a pinko college student and think you are better than all of us and start drinking and partying and smoking cigarrettes."
We see this same way of looking at things playing out all over Christian fundamentalist heartland U.S.A. today as well. We also see this same sort of thinking playing out across the Middle East where the biggest issue is birth control. over 1/2 of the people in the middle east are under about 30 years of age which is why there are now so many soldiers fighting for so many militias across the middle east. There are no jobs for 50% to 60% of young people under 35 and so they cannot marry either. On top of that dating isn't done by Muslims only marriage. So, this means that a good Muslim man or woman can marry but not date. So, young men join militias of all kinds so they can have access to sex workers or are able to rape women of a different religion than themselves. And because these women have no knowledge of birth control usually they become pregnant and either have to find a man to marry them (someone old with money enough to marry) or they have to kill themselves, move to another country where they won't be killed for this situation or something else.
So, we see really awful things happening to both women and men because of ignorance right now all across the middle east.
Here are some studies on rats during overpopulation in a given area that might show you what is happening in the middle east among humans because of overpopulation there.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_B._CalhounHe claimed that the bleak effects of overpopulation on rodents were a grim model for the future of the human race. During his studies, Calhoun coined the term ...
John B. Calhoun
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|John B. Calhoun|
John Calhoun in the fall of 1986 at the baby shower of his first grandchild.
|Born||May 11, 1917
|Died||September 7, 1995 (aged 78)|
|Known for||studying rat overcrowding|
Early yearsJohn B. Calhoun was born May 11, 1917 in Elkton, Tennessee, the third child of James Calhoun and Fern Madole Calhoun. Their first child died in infancy. John (Jack) had three siblings: an older sister, Polly, and two younger brothers, Billy and Dan. His father was a high school principal who rose to a position in administration in the Tennessee Department of Education. His mother was an artist.
His family moved from Elkton to Brownsville, Tennessee, and finally to Nashville, when Jack was in junior high school.
At this time, he began attending meetings of the Tennessee Ornithological Society. A Mrs. Laskey, distinguished for her work in bird banding and in the study of the chimney swift, was a pivotal influence on his developing interest in birds and bird habits. Jack spent his junior high and high school years banding birds and recording the habits of birds. His first published article was in The Migrant, the journal of the Tennessee Ornithological Society, when he was 15 years old. Despite his father’s refusal to help him attend an out-of-state university, Jack made his way to the University of Virginia where he earned his bachelor's degree in 1939. During the summers, he worked for Alexander Wetmore, head of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington DC, doing ornithology work. He earned his M.S. and Ph.D. from Northwestern University in 1942 and 1943. The subject of his thesis was the 24-hour rhythms of the Norway rat.
It was at Northwestern that he met his future wife, Edith Gressley, who was a biology major and a student in one of his classes.
Early rat studiesAfter graduating from Northwestern, he taught at Emory University and Ohio State University. In 1946, he and his wife, Edith, moved to Towson, Maryland, a suburb of Baltimore. Calhoun worked on the Rodent Ecology Project at Johns Hopkins University. In March 1947, he began a 28-month study of a colony of Norway rats in a 10,000-square-foot (930 m2) outdoor pen. Interestingly, even though five females over this time-span could theoretically produce 50,000 healthy progeny for this size pen, Calhoun found that the population never exceeded 200 individuals, and stabilized at 150, similar to the Dunbar number. Moreover, the rats were not randomly scattered throughout the pen area, but had organized themselves into twelve or thirteen local colonies of a dozen rats each. He noted that twelve rats is the maximum number that can live harmoniously in a natural group, beyond which stress and psychological effects function as group break-up forces.
While posted at Jackson Lab in Bar Harbor, Maine, he continued studying the Norway rat colony until 1951. While in Bar Harbor, his first daughter, Cat Calhoun, was born. The family lived in the guesthouse on the Luquer estate.
Calhoun and family moved back to Silver Spring, Maryland, in 1951. He worked for Walter Reed Army Medical Center in the division of neuropsychiatry before gaining his position at the National Institutes of Health in 1954 where he worked for the next 33 years. 1954 was also the year his second daughter, Cheshire Calhoun, was born.
Norway rat experimentsCalhoun pursued his experiments in behavior, using domesticated Norway rats, at his lab on the second floor of a huge barn on the Casey farm in the country outside Rockville, MD. The area is now a suburban center but the barn still stands, renovated for suburban usage. In the days of Calhoun’s occupancy there was a small, cluttered office area at the top of the stairs. The rodent odor was overpowering, and it took some time before one could breathe normally.
The research area was divided into three parts. In the center section a box-like room was built. There was a hallway all the way around this box and stairs that led to the top of it. This box was divided into 4 rooms, or habitats, 10 feet x 14 feet x 9 feet (3.0 m x 4.3 m x 2.7 m). Each room had a door for a researcher or caretaker to enter by, and in the ceiling of each room was a glass window. The activity in each room could be observed through these windows. Each room was divided into quarters by 2-foot-high (0.61 m) partitions. “V” shaped ramps connected pens I and II, II and III, and III and IV. Pens I and IV were not connected. Mounted on the wall in the corner of each quarter was an artificial burrow, which could be accessed via a spiral staircase. In two of the quarters the “burrows” were 3 feet (0.91 m) from the floor, and in the other two the “burrows” were 6 feet (1.8 m) from the floor. Each quarter also contained a drinking station and a feeding station. These variations in environment led to differences in behavior patterns and ultimately to the concept of “behavioral sinks”.
The research carried on in the lab on Casey’s farm began in 1958 and lasted until 1962, when Calhoun was invited to spend a year at The Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences in Stanford, California.
Mouse experimentsNational Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) acquired property in a rural area outside Poolesville, Maryland. The facility that was built on this property housed several research projects, including those headed by Calhoun. It was here that his most famous experiment, the mouse universe, was created. In July 1968 four pairs of mice were introduced into the Utopian universe. The universe was a 9-foot (2.7 m) square metal pen with 54-inch-high (1.4 m) sides. Each side had four groups of four vertical, wire mesh “tunnels”. The “tunnels” gave access to nesting boxes, food hoppers, and water dispensers. There was no shortage of food or water or nesting material. There were no predators. The only adversity was the limit on space.
breakdown in social structure and in normal social behavior. Among the aberrations in behavior were the following: expulsion of young before weaning was complete, wounding of young, inability of dominant males to maintain the defense of their territory and females, aggressive behavior of females, passivity of non-dominant males with increased attacks on each other which were not defended against. After day 600, the social breakdown continued and the population declined toward extinction. During this period females ceased to reproduce. Their male counterparts withdrew completely, never engaging in courtship or fighting. They ate, drank, slept, and groomed themselves – all solitary pursuits. Sleek, healthy coats and an absence of scars characterized these males. They were dubbed “the beautiful ones”.
The conclusions drawn from this experiment were that when all available space is taken and all social roles filled, competition and the stresses experienced by the individuals will result in a total breakdown in complex social behaviors, ultimately resulting in the demise of the population.
Calhoun saw the fate of the population of mice as a metaphor for the potential fate of man. He characterized the social breakdown as a “second death”, with reference to the “second death” mentioned in the Biblical book of Revelation 2:11  His study has been cited by writers such as Bill Perkins as a warning of the dangers of the living in an "increasingly crowded and impersonal world".
ConclusionCalhoun believed that his research provided clues to the future of mankind as well as ways to avoid a looming disaster. During the 1960s, he and Dr. Leaonard Duhl formed an informal group, the Space Cadets, which met to discuss the social uses of space. The members of this group came from as diverse professions as architecture, city planning, physics, and psychiatry. In Calhoun’s own words “Our success in being human has so far derived from our honoring deviance more than tradition. Template changing always has gained a slight, though often tenuous, lead over template obeying. Now we must search diligently for those creative deviants from which, alone, will come the conceptualization of an evolutionary designing process. This can assure us an open-ended future toward whose realization we can participate.”
Calhoun's book, Environment and Population: Problems of Adaptation: An Experimental Book Integrating Statements by 162 Contributors, was published in 1983.
Calhoun died on September 7, 1995 at the age of 78.
His papers were donated to the National Library of Medicine by Edith Calhoun and the American Heritage Center.
Re-emergence in current researchIn January 2008, Drs. Edmund Ramsden and Jon Adams of the Department of Economic History London School of Economics published a paper on Calhoun’s work titled “Escaping the Laboratory: The Rodent Experiments of John B Calhoun & Their Cultural Influence”. In 2012, director Mike Freedman completed work on a documentary film using Calhoun’s work as a basis for further exploration, which began screening at film festivals around the world.
Calhoun and Mrs. Frisby and the Rats of NIMH
Main article: Mrs. Frisby and the Rats of NIMHMrs. Frisby and the Rats of NIMH, by Robert C. O'Brien and published in 1971, was inspired by Calhoun's work. The book later inspired an animated film, The Secret of NIMH.
- Calhoun, John (1947–1948). Crowding and Social Behavior in Animals. Anchor Books.
- Calhoun, John B. (1950). "The Study of Wild Animals under Controlled Conditions". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 51: 113–22.
- Calhoun, John B. (1952). "The Social Aspects of Population Dynamics". Journal of Mammalogy (American Society of Mammalogists) 33 (2): 139–159. doi:10.2307/1375923. JSTOR 1375923.
- Calhoun, John, B. (1962). “A Behavioral Sink.” In Eugene L. Bliss ed., Roots of Behavior. New. New York: Harper & Brothers, Ch. 22.
- Calhoun, John B. (1962). "Population density and social pathology". Scientific American 206 (2): 139–148. PMID 13875732.
- Calhoun, John, B. (1972). “Plight of the Ik and Kaiadilt is seen as a chilling possible end for Man” Smithsonian Magazine. 3: 27-32.
- Calhoun, John B (1983). Environment and Population: Problems and Adaptation: An Experimental Book Integrating Statements by 162 Contributors. Praeger. p. 486. ISBN 0-275-90955-7.
- John B. Calhoun, "Death Squared: The Explosive Growth and Demise of a Mouse Population" Proc. roy. Soc. Med. Volume 66 January 1973, pp80-88
- Bill Perkins, “Six Battles Every Man Must Win”, Tyndale Press, 1993, p 10
- HENRY FOUNTAIN, “J. B. Calhoun, 78, Researcher On Effects of Overpopulation”, New York Times, September 29, 1995
- "John B. Calhoun Papers 1909-1996". National Library of Medicine.
- Ramsden, Edmund and Adams, Jon, "Escaping the Laboratory: The Rodent Experiments of John B. Calhoun & Their Cultural Influence", The Journal of Social History, Spring 2009
- Mike Freedman "Critical Mass"
- Davis, Louise (1971). "The Garden of Eden or Doomsday?". Tennessean Magazine.
- Fountain, Henry (29 September 1995). "J.B Calhoun, 78, Researcher On the Effects Of Overpopulation". New York Times.
- Barnes, Bart (30 September 1995). "Scientist John Calhoun Dies; Studied Behavior, Crowding". New York Times.
- Alsop, Stewart (17 August 1970). "Dr. Calhoun’s Horrible Mousery". Newsweek: 96.
- "Letting the rat out of the bag, The cultural influence of John B. Calhoun's rodent experiments". London School of Economics and Political Science. June 2009.
end quote from:
The primary cause of overpopulation is simply not having a social welfare situation where people have government plans to retire at some point with something like Social Security here in the U.S.
If you can't retire when you get to 40 to 60 years of age you have to have kids to work to support you that you can give your business to or live with. So, this is why people have 5 to 10 kids so many places on earth. However, the world cannot sustain this many people so great suffering ensues for more and more of mankind.
Then the next level of this is birth control. However, birth control cannot work without having a retirement system in place in that country. You have both or neither are going to work to make that country livable long term.
So, without a social security retirement system birth control will never work for most of mankind. And even then, you would have to fight religions like Catholic and Muslim that will fight tooth and nail to prevent birth control of any kind.
Preventing birth control and retirement creates unbelievable things like we are seeing the the middle east like beheadings and crucifictions. This is a natural progression from preventing a people from using birth control and being capable of retiring with an income. Overpopulation in rats does the same thing where male rats kill and rape everyone until they are dead in their natural group. Overpopulation creates serial killers, terrorist and sociopaths in the extreme. It is a given.
It is a natural mechanism within human beings to kill each other in really awful ways when there are just too many of us. This is true of all mammal species on earth including rats when this happens when there are just too many people in one area and the land and water cannot sustain them all locally.
So, as populations grow more and more out of hand expect to see more horrific mass murders until there is a war or a natural disaster to thin the populations out.
Global Climate Change:
It doesn't really matter whether the cause of Global Climate change is CO2, Methane, Geomagnetic reversal, Geomagnetic excursions, Solar STorms, holes in the magnetosphere caused by the last three, or some other cause or all the causes I mentioned here or other ones we don't know about.
The fact is Global Climate changes are happening and people are starting to move towards the poles because it is too hot where they are or the weather is so crazy they just can't live where they are anymore.
This is causing wars as many many people are moving where people are really poor. This is also causing Hurricanes, winds above 100 mph more frequently, Ice all around the world to melt, Oceans getting higher, Methane being released from deep ice forms under the oceans of the world (like off Virginia) (like Siberia) (Alaska and Canada) in the tundra etc.
Methane causes acidification of the ATlantic for sure as well as the oceans near to the pole from methane melting out of the tundra. To a lesser degree this also is causing greenhouse gas (CO2) to get much worse every day everywhere on earth.
Whoever is still alive 100 years from now will have had to have adapted to all these changes including insects, reptiles, animals, land and sea trying to move and to adapt to all the changes in air, land and sea and freshwater lakes and rivers during that time.
Many species will go extinct during this time on earth including plants insects, animals and fish.
Speaking of insects I have never seen so few insects in my life heading north from San Francisco. The car or truck I'm driving has always been covered with mosquitos from the rice paddies near Williams and insects all over the Sacramento Valley whenever I drove up Interstate 5 before from 1950s until now. This is the first summer it didn't matter whether I ever cleaned my window or not.
Where are all the bugs?
Because they all seem to be gone. pretty much.
Whenever a big bug hit the windshield my Dad would sing this song about them, "I Ain't got no body and no body's got me" out of the 1930s.
Feb 12, 2007 - Uploaded by Weirdo VideoAn authentic, rare classic version of the standard "I Ain't Got Nobody," sung by the Mills Brothers, shot in ...
And we would laugh and then I would feel sorry for the dead bugs with no bodies.