Tuesday, April 21, 2015

Canonization of the Romanovs

Canonization of the Romanovs

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  (Redirected from Romanov sainthood)
Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and Family
Royal Martyrs, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and Family (ROCOR)
Royal Passion-Bearers, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and Family (Moscow Patriarchate)
Born 18 May [O.S. 6 May] 1868 (Nicholas II)
6 June [O.S. 25 May] 1872 (Tsarina Alexandra)
15 November [O.S. 3 November] 1895 (Olga)
10 June [O.S. 29 May] 1897 (Tatiana)
26 June [O.S. 14 June] 1899 (Maria)
18 June [O.S. 5 June] 1901 (Anastasia)
12 August [O.S. 30 July] 1904 (Alexei)
Peterhof, Russia
Died 17 July 1918
Yekaterinburg, Russia
Venerated in MOSPAT
Canonized 1981 and 2000, United States and Russia by Russian Orthodox Church Abroad and the Moscow Patriarchate
Major shrine Church on Blood, Yekaterinburg, Russia
Feast 17 July [O.S. 4 July]
Canonization of the Romanovs: Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, his wife Tsarina Alexandra, and their five children Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexei are saints of the Orthodox Church (variously designated as new martyrs by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad and as passion bearers elsewhere in the Russian Orthodox Church). The family was killed on 17 July 1918 by the Bolsheviks at the Ipatiev House in Yekaterinburg, Russia; the site of their execution is now beneath the altar of the The Church on Blood.
The family was canonized on 1 November 1981 as new martyrs by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad. They were canonized along with their servants, who had been killed along with them. The canonized servants were their court physician, Yevgeny Botkin; their footman Alexei Trupp; their cook, Ivan Kharitonov; and Alexandra's maid, Anna Demidova. Also canonized were two servants killed in September 1918, lady in waiting Anastasia Hendrikova and tutor Catherine Adolphovna Schneider. All were canonized as victims of oppression by the Bolsheviks. The Russian Orthodox Church did not canonize the servants, two of whom were not Russian Orthodox: Alexei Trupp was Roman Catholic and Catherine Adolphovna Schneider was Lutheran.
Alexandra's sister, Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna, who was murdered by the Bolsheviks on 18 July 1918, was canonized on 1 November 1981 as New-Martyr Elizabeth by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, along with Prince Ioann Konstantinovich of Russia, Prince Igor Konstantinovich of Russia, Prince Konstantine Konstantinovich of Russia, Grand Duke Sergey Mikhaylovich of Russia, and Prince Vladimir Pavlovich Paley, and Elizabeth's faithful companion, Sister Varvara Yakovleva, who were all killed with her. Fyodor Remez, Grand Duke Sergei's personal secretary, who was killed as well, was not canonized. They are known as the Martyrs of Alapaevsk.
In 1992, Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna and Varvara Yakovleva were canonized as New-Martyr Elizabeth and New-Martyr Barbara by the Moscow Patriarchate (the Orthodox Church inside Russia). The grand dukes and others killed with them were not canonized.
On 20 August 2000, after much debate, the Romanov family was canonized as passion bearers by the Moscow Patriarchate.



The canonizations were controversial for both branches of the Russian Orthodox Church. In 1981, opponents noted Nicholas II's perceived weaknesses as a ruler and felt his actions led to the resulting Bolshevik Revolution. One priest of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad noted that martyrdom in the Russian Orthodox Church has nothing to do with the martyr's personal actions but is instead related to why he or she was killed.[1] Other critics noted that the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad appeared to be blaming Jewish revolutionaries for the deaths and equating the political assassination with a ritual murder.[2]
There were those who rejected the family's classification as martyrs because they were not killed because of their religious faith. There was no proof that the execution was a ritual murder. Religious leaders in both churches also had objections to canonizing the Tsar's family because they perceived him as a weak emperor whose incompetence led to the revolution, the suffering of his people and made him at least partially responsible for his own murder and the murders of his wife and children. For these opponents, the fact that the Tsar was, in private life, a kind man and a good husband and father did not override his poor governance of Russia.[1]
The Moscow Patriarchate ultimately canonized the family as passion bearers: people who face death with resignation, in a Christ-like manner, as distinguished from martyrs, the latter killed explicitly for their faith. Proponents cited previous Tsars and Tsareviches who had been canonized as passion bearers, such as Tsarevich Dimitri, murdered at the end of the sixteenth century, as setting a precedent for the canonization of the Romanov family. They noted the piety of the family and reports that the Tsarina and her eldest daughter Olga prayed and attempted to make the sign of the cross immediately before they died.
Despite their official designation as "passion-bearers" by the August 2000 Council, they are nevertheless spoken of as "martyrs" in Church publications, icons, and in popular veneration by the people.[3][4]
The bodies of Tsar Nicholas II, Tsarina Alexandra, and three of their daughters were finally interred at St. Peter and Paul Cathedral in St. Petersburg on 17 July 1998, eighty years after they were murdered. The bodies of Alexei and one of his sisters were at the time missing.[5] On 23 August 2007, a Russian archaeologist announced the discovery of two burned, partial skeletons at a bonfire site at Ganina Yama near Yekaterinburg that appeared to match the site described in assassin Yakov Yurovsky's memoirs. The archaeologists said the bones are from a boy who was roughly between the ages of ten and thirteen years at the time of his death and of a young woman who was roughly between the ages of eighteen and twenty-three years old. Anastasia was seventeen years, one month old at the time of the assassination, while her sister Maria was nineteen years, one month old and her brother Alexei was two weeks shy of his fourteenth birthday. Anastasia's elder sisters Olga and Tatiana were twenty-two and twenty-one years old at the time of the assassination. Along with the remains of the two bodies, archaeologists found "shards of a container of sulfuric acid, nails, metal strips from a wooden box, and bullets of various caliber.".[6]
Preliminary testing indicated a "high degree of probability" that the remains belong to the Tsarevich Alexei and to one of his sisters, Russian forensic scientists announced on 22 January 2008.[7] The Yekaterinburg region's chief forensic expert Nikolai Nevolin indicated the results would be compared against those obtained by foreign experts.[8] On April 30, 2008, Russian forensic scientists announced that DNA testing proves that the remains belong to the Tsarevich Alexei and to one of his sisters.[9] With this result, all of the Tsar's family are accounted for.
Since the late 20th century, believers have attributed healing from illnesses or conversion to the Orthodox Church to their prayers to Maria and Alexei, as well as to the rest of the family.[10][11]



  • Massie, Robert K., The Romanovs: The Final Chapter, Random House, ISBN 0-394-58048-6, 1995, pp. 134-135

    1. Serfes, Demetrios (2000). "A Miracle Through the Prayers of Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarevich Alexis". The Royal Martyrs of Russia. Retrieved February 25, 2007.

    External links

  • King, Greg, and Wilson, Penny, The Fate of the Romanovs, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., p. 495
  • Patriarch Aleksy Visited the Place Where the Remains of the Royal Martyrs had been Burned, Yekaterinburg, September 23, 2000, Pravoslavie.ru
  • Shevchenko, Maxim (2000). "The Glorification of the Royal Family". Nezavisemaya Gazeta. Retrieved December 10, 2006.
  • Hammer, Joshua. "Resurrecting the Czar", Smithsonian Magazine, November 2010
  • Interfax (2008). "Suspected remains of tsar's children still being studied". "Interfax". Retrieved January 23, 2008.
  • RIA Novosti (2008). "Remains found in Urals likely belong to Tsar's children". "RIA Novosti". Retrieved January 23, 2008.
  • Eckel, Mike (2008). "DNA confirms IDs of czar's children". yahoo.com. Archived from the original on May 1, 2008. Retrieved April 30, 2008.
  • Serfes, Demetrios (2000). "Miracle of the Child Martyr Grand Duchess Maria". The Royal Martyrs of Russia. Retrieved February 25, 2007.
  • end quote from:
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canonization_of_the_Romanovs
  • Now here's the single most interesting thing besides realizing I was one of these guys married with children. The reason I wound up in all this was problems caused by the lady I was married to having a very intense reaction to meeting me. I was in the hospital and she leaned her groin up against my feet and looked at me longingly. 
  • And my reaction was internally. You are beautiful! for God's sake I'm married and almost 67 years old.
  • After the basic (WTF) moment for me I began to want to decipher what was going on. She it turned out was my wife in that lifetime and hadn't seen me since I was murdered now reincarnated and working at the Mercy Hospital in Mt. Shasta. Boy, was I blown away about the whole thing. I felt incredible compassion for her at what she must be going through not being an intuitive like me. What torture! Remeeting your husband that died along with you and your children.
  • My present wife and I have a similar memory in that we were  French Cathars that were either brother and sister or husband and wife Cathars that were burned at the stake by the Catholic Church for being Cathars which was a very loved by the common people group very similar to the 1960s people in the "Make Love not War" category. They also advocated not being forced to marry when you have children just like today. Cathars:please click this button to read more on the Cathars.
  • So, when we met again I hadn't met anyone in this lifetime that was as pure a person as I was in my motivations until I met her. Our clear motivations it seemed somewhat stemmed from being willing to die and be burned at the stake for our basic beliefs then. Nothing has changed for us in this sense.
  • So, I wanted to befriend this beautiful person I met in the hospital to see if I could be friends with my wife from another lifetime as she was suffering seeing me again and not knowing why like I now do. 
  • And finally the most perplexing thing of all. A spirit of that era came to me and said, "You were Alexei!"
  • IF this is true does that mean my soul is a canonized saint of the Russian orthodox Church? 
  • Original file(3,711 × 3,281 pixels, file size: 6.52 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg)
  • Alexei is the little boy among all the women of the royal family and the Czar. 
  • Note: I have always loved and respected women. I wonder if being raised by so many women that loved me and cherished me if I was Alexei made me really love and respect women like I do in this lifetime. I always understood women more than most men or boys do. It was just always this way. I always listened to their problems and tried to offer solutions. I always loved doing this. Still do.
  • In fact I was studying to be a psychologist when my live in girlfriend got pregnant when I was 25 and I had to go to work and give up on school for then and started businesses instead.
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